This confusion has origins in the revolution that the French feminist Simone de Beauvoir initiated after the Second World War.
Before the publication of Beauvoir’s in 1949, science and philosophy assumed that society’s prevailing opinions about men and women were grounded in sex so that gender corresponded to sex. She drew a distinction between gender (society’s prevailing opinions about what man and woman should be) and sex or biology (the seemingly immutable characteristics of the body and closely linked psychological traits).
Many intractable controversies in today’s culture wars relate to issues of sex and gender.
It’s self-reported—nobody is independently verifying how often the respondents canoodle.
(For more details, hit the “Methodology” button on the interactive.
For instance, we proposed that sexual intimacy may dampen the effects of stress by down-regulating stress response systems and up-regulating immune response.
Over time, these patterns of stress function should result in longer telomere length.” The researchers note that the study is small and observational and that the correlation could be because the healthiest women are the most sexually active, not the other way around.
Harassment does not have to be of a sexual nature, however, and can include offensive remarks about a person's sex.